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Types of Surveying

Boundary Surveys 

Boundary Surveys recover or reestablish a property’s corners, thereby defining the limits of the property. Using a system called “metes and bounds,” we identify property lines on a final survey drawing. For all boundary surveys, our bearings are accurate within once second of arc and within one hundreth of a foot for distances. 

Getting Started

Beginning with the public records stored at the county courthouse, we research the boundaries for the land parcel. We also will secure any right-of-way plans from the Department of Transportation, including adjoining road rights-of-way. An interview with the property owner and owners of adjacent properties helps us gather deeds, unrecorded plats, parole evidence, and other information that may be helpful. If the boundary survey needs to adhere to ALTA/ACSM standards, a title inspection report will be requested of the client.

On-Site Visit

Our onsite visit allows us to accurately measure the location using precision surveying equipment. The discovery of “monuments” (typically concrete markers, iron pins, trees or stones) at the property corners is important aspect of the visit. Sometimes these monuments are referenced, and at other times are not. Locating fences, hedges, walls and other boundary elements helps mark the boundary of ownership. We will also assess any improvements that are near property lines in order to determine if encroachments are present. Our survey will include marking the corners of the property with flags or other visible marks.


With research documents and field measurements in hand, we analyze and compare the findings for discrepancies. The result is a final determination of the  property’s boundary lines, which is charted on a detailed drawing. If issues or problems are discovered during analysis, we will confer with the client toward potential solutions

Additional Types of Surveys

Topographic Surveys

When civil engineers are considering improvements for a given site, surveys showing the contours of the land are critical. We provide topographic surveys that accurately reflect a site’s contours. Using a Topcon digital level, we create the data used to make a topographic map. Our map will also include additional site information, such as parking areas, buildings, and drives. Topographic surveys can show greater detail if requested, including the location of utilities, trees, etc.

As-Built Surveys

A survey of an existing establishment is called an “as-built” survey. This type of survey is often requested for schools, shopping centers, and factory locations. As-built surveys usually include utilities, sewerage disposal systems, parking lots, storm drainage systems and buildings, as well as any other structure or improvement on the site. Our as-built survey will establish the boundaries of a site, and will include a title inspection report. Any exceptions to the title report will also be highlighted and shown on the final survey.

GPS Surveys

Utilizing precision Leica recievers, satellite signals are used to gain the specific position of points on a property. Once the resulting data is loaded into our computer, which processes the information and provides the exact position of the points within a few millimeters. GPS surveys are also helpful in determining lattitude and longitude for cellular tower surveys.

Construction Layout Surveys

Wellston & Associates can provide multiple construction layout services, such as the layout of storm and sewer drainage systems, buildings, curbs, and other features of a site. From new site construction and major building expansions, to road layout, we have the knowledge and experience to help your project run smoothly.

To discuss your land survey needs, call Spencer at 478-971-3382 or email him at This e-mail address is being protected from spam bots, you need JavaScript enabled to view it